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African Biosciences Videos

 

Introduction

 

Field courses are an essential component of the bioscience undergraduate experience and enable students to make connections between theory and practice that are impossible to achieve with normal classroom resources. This website hosts videos that were recorded on a second year undergraduate field trip to Mankwe Wildlife Reserve, South Africa as part of a project led by Anne Goodenough and Adam Hart of the University of Gloucestershire, UK, in April 2012 (see “Useful Links“ section at the bottom of the webpage). Additional videos have been added from the 2013 trip.

 

The videos below are divided into three main types: “Orientation”, “Techniques”, and “Lecture”. There is also a fourth category “Student Videos”, which includes video diaries (2012 cohort) and students discussing their field-based projects (2013 cohort).

 

The videos on this site can be used as preparation for biology and ecology students going on field work so that the experience is maximally effective, or to provide home-based students with resources for “quasi-field work”.

 

Further details of the project can be found here.

 

 

 

Use of the Videos

 

The videos, and additional supporting material including instruction sheets and data files, are made available here under the Creative Commons Licence. The resources should be referenced as:

 

Goodenough, A.E. and Hart, A.G. (2012) African Biosciences Videos: Developing a supportive framework for field courses through video-based resources. http://www.africanbiosciencevideos.esafari.co.uk/

 

All sound files used on the videos were recorded on site or are available, without copyright restriction, on the Internet via FreeSounds.

 

****Please note that the videos are substantial files. The low resolution files are about 2MB/min; the high resolution files are about 21MB/min. The high resolution files are recommended for viewing if possible, but low resolution ones will be better for people using lower bandwidth or with download limitations****

 

 

 

Orientation Videos

 

An Introduction to African Large Mammals (Game Drive)

Length – 06:21 

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Game Drive in Pilanesberg National Park

Length – 04:23             

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Techniques Videos

 

Large Mammal Transect Surveying     

Includes creation of species detection curve graphs in Excel and SPSS, quantifying perpendicular distance to transect using trigonometry and analysis of species diversity using Simpson’s index.

Length – 07:21 

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Additional supporting resources

1. Click here for details of the method for quantifying distance (MS Word Document)

2. Click here for Impala detection curve data files (SPSS)

3. Click here for Impala detection curve analysis files (SPSS)

4. Click here for details of how to use Simpson’s index (MS Word Document)

 

 

Bird Surveying

Length – 01:48

Surveying birds in different communities. Links to calculating density using DISTANCE and use of Community Similarity Indices

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Additional supporting resources

1. Click here to calculate species density (MS Excel datasheet with formulae)

2. Click here for details on how to use the Jaccard Coefficient of Species Similarity (MS Word Document)

 

 

Use of Camera Traps to Survey Wildlife                      

How test set out camera traps. Includes images from traps – CarcassCam, BurrowCam and WaterholeCam          

Length – 15:14             

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Additional supporting resources

1. Click here for camera trap images (zip file - multiple images)

 

 

Grassland Surveying and Data Analysis          

Surveying the number of different grass species types in areas that had been burnt at different times.

Includes discussion and calculation of Chi Square Test for Association

Length – 29:50

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Additional supporting resources

1. Click here for a list of ecological classification of grass species in South Africa (MS Word Document)

2. Click here for a datasheet with Chi Square workings (MS Excel)

Note that there are two sheets in this workbook (a blank sheet for new data and a worked example)

 

 

Bushcraft Skills Briefing                     

How to keep safe in the African bush, how to reduce disturbance to animals caused by human presence 

Length – 09:52

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Tracking Briefing                      

How and why large mammals are tracked          

Length – 32:29

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Use of Indirect Evidence to Survey Mammals              

Use of footprints, tracks, ground disturbance, and scats to establish species presence, abundance and behaviour          

Length – 03:31

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Basic Mapping Skills              

Mapping a small area using traditional surveying techniques       

Length – 05:40

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Using a Compass                    

How to take a bearing   

Length – 01:46

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Using a GPS Device                

Setting a waypoint and relocating a location in the field

Length – 01:59

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Using a Range Finder              

Using a digital device to measure distance        

Length – 00:38

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Use of Vernier Callipers in Ecology     

Measuring leaves of different bushes using Vernier Callipers

Length – 03:56             

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Additional supporting resources

1. Click here for an explanation of dataset and analysis (MS Word Document)

2. Click here for a data sheet of leaf measurements (SPSS)

 

 

Deconstructing a Termite Nest

Taking apart a termite nest to examine nest architecture

Length – 08:28

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Video by Richard Rolfe, University of Gloucestershire                

 

                 

 

Lecture Videos – Ecology and Management

 

Part 1 – Introduction   

Length – 01:27             

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Part 2 – Historical Context       

Animals in Africa; reasons for decline; placing value on wild animals

Length – 14:31

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Part 3 – History and Development of Mankwe  

The site; camp development; animal introduction; water holes    

Length – 24:25 

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Part 4 – Game Ranching and Management Techniques                       

Game park management; soil erosion; bush encroachment; fire; water    

Length – 27:35

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Part 5 – Animal Population Management         

Carrying capacity, surveying numbers   

Length – 24:13 

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Part 6 – Methods of Moving Large Mammals   

Bomas (Antelope); nets (Tsessebe); darting (Rhino); roping (Giraffe)      

Length – 29:35 

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Part 7 – The Poaching Problem and Anti-Poaching Controls               

Methods of poaching; methods of detection; rhino case study   

Length – 25:40

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Part 8 – Contemporary Issues and The Future 

Contemporary issues in conservation; challenges and the future 

Length – 19:16 

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Student Videos

 

Video Diary 1: Welcome to Mankwe Waterbuck Camp 

Length – 01:56

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Video Diary 2: Advice for Future Students

Length – 02:32             

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2013 Student Project 1: Bird feeding behaviour

Length – 01:35

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2013 Student Project 2: Monitoring Large Mammals using Direct and Indirect Evidence

Length – 04:28

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2013 Student Project 3: Movement of Mammals Across Fence Lines

Length – 05:40

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2013 Student Project 4: Mammal Diversity and Burn Regime

Length – 01:44

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Acknowledgements

 

1.             Mankwe Wildlife Reserve Staff, especially Lynne and Dougal MacTavish

 

2.             Lucy Clarke and Mary Farrell, Hartpury College (UWE) - field course co-tutors

 

3.             Rick Stafford (University of Bournemouth) - assistance with web resources; including creation of the domain

 

4.             Nathan Pike, University of Oxford – HEA link                 

 

5.             Phil Gravestock (University of Gloucestershire) - learning technologist

 

 

 

Useful Links

 

Mankwe Wildlife Reserve website and contact details

http://www.mankwewildlifereserve.net/

 

University of Gloucestershire – Biosciences page

http://insight.glos.ac.uk/academicschools/nss/members/undergraduates/biosciences/Pages/default.aspx

 

Anne Goodenough page and contact details

http://insight.glos.ac.uk/academicschools/nss/members/staffprofiles/pages/annegoodenough.aspx

 

Adam Hart page and contact details

http://insight.glos.ac.uk/academicschools/nss/members/staffprofiles/Pages/AdamHart.aspx

 

Higher Education Academy

http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/

 

Janet Trotter Trust

http://opencharities.org/charities/1038551

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Website designed and maintained by Anne Goodenough, University of Gloucestershire, and Rick Stafford, University of Bournemouth – last updated 9th Nov 2012 

 

Images in top banner copyright Anne Goodenough (2012)

 

Please email any feedback, comments, or questions to Anne Goodenough (aegoodenough@glos.ac.uk) CS